In Chinese culture, the jade is a stone used for the creation of a variety of objects, jewellery, sculptures and furnishings of every type and function. Symbol of purity, beauty, longevity and immortality, the jade has been an integral part of the Chinese aesthetic since the Prehistoric Age, appreciated for its brilliance, but also its multiple shades. The permanent exhibition at the Capital Museum retraces - through three sections which cover the entire temporal arc from the Neolithic to the Qing Dynasty - the history of the jade in Chinese art. With an essential layout, but full of pathos and dynamic, the exhibition looks at various types of jade, subdivided on a chronological basis, according to the use but also the type of stone which determined its use in various ways. Many of the 181 artefacts on display come from the tombs of nobles, even from the Imperial court as seen with the artefacts with poetics inscriptions. The various ornamental motifs and the various types of artefacts are also a valid example of the scientific and technical ability which developed over the centuries, putting Chinese artisans in a class of their own regarding handiwork with this stone.